How Can Custom Orthotics Enhance Performance in Track and Field?

Whether your arena is the high school track, the NCAA circuit, or the Olympic stadium, everyone in the world of track and field is looking for that edge to enhance their performance. One area often overlooked in that quest is the very thing that connects us to the ground we compete on – our feet. Specifically, the role that custom orthotics can play in boosting an athlete’s performance and preventing injuries. In this article, we’ll delve into the world of custom orthotics and investigate how they can be a game-changer in track and field.

What Exactly are Custom Orthotics?

Before we dive into how custom orthotics can enhance performance, it’s essential to understand what exactly they are. Custom orthotics are specially designed shoe inserts that are tailored to fit your foot perfectly. They are made using a detailed mold of your foot, providing unparalleled support and comfort compared to generic, over-the-counter inserts.

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Orthotics can help correct various biomechanical foot issues, from high arches and overpronation to issues like plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendonitis. By realigning the foot to its optimal position, they can help distribute weight evenly, provide better support, and improve overall foot and lower limb function.

Custom Orthotics and Performance Enhancement

Now that we are clear about what custom orthotics are let’s delve into how they can enhance an athlete’s performance on the track. Good foot mechanics are crucial for athletes, especially those in track and field, where activities like running, jumping, and throwing demand optimal foot function. Custom orthotics can address various foot mechanical issues, helping athletes perform better and more efficiently.

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For instance, an athlete with overpronation (where the foot rolls inward excessively) may experience inefficient running mechanics, leading to increased energy expenditure and fatigue. A custom orthotic can correct this pronation, leading to a more efficient running gait and ultimately, better performance.

By providing tailored support to the arches and realigning the foot, orthotics can help enhance balance and stability, which can prove crucial in events like long jump, high jump, and pole vault. By improving foot mechanics, they can also help athletes get more power and precision in their throws, vital in disciplines like shot put, discus, and javelin.

The Role of Custom Orthotics in Injury Prevention

Another critical area where custom orthotics can make a significant difference is in injury prevention. Track and field athletes are at risk of various foot and lower limb injuries due to the high-impact nature of their sport. These include stress fractures, shin splints, Achilles tendonitis, and plantar fasciitis.

Custom orthotics can play a pivotal role in preventing these injuries by ensuring proper foot alignment and biomechanics. For example, they can help distribute weight evenly across the foot, reducing pressure on particular areas and reducing the risk of stress fractures. They can also prevent excessive pronation, a common cause of shin splints and Achilles tendonitis.

Not just that, but orthotics can also play a role in injury rehabilitation. By supporting and realigning the foot, they can help speed up recovery from injuries and get athletes back on the track sooner.

The Process of Getting Custom Orthotics

Getting custom orthotics is not as simple as buying off-the-shelf insoles at your local sports store. It involves a detailed process that begins with a comprehensive assessment of your feet, gait, and biomechanics by a trained health professional. This assessment may involve walking and running on a treadmill, 3D foot scans, and even video gait analysis.

Following the assessment, a detailed mold of your feet is taken. This mold, along with the information from your assessment, is used to create your custom orthotics. The orthotics are typically made from materials like plastic, carbon fibre, or EVA, chosen for their durability and flexibility.

Once the orthotics are ready, they are fitted into your shoes, and necessary adjustments are made. It usually takes a few weeks for your feet to adjust to the orthotics, during which some discomfort is normal. Regular follow-ups with the health professional are recommended to assess how well the orthotics are working and make any necessary adjustments.

The Verdict: Are Custom Orthotics Worth It?

In the world of track and field, where milliseconds can make the difference between victory and defeat, every potential advantage counts. Custom orthotics, with their ability to enhance performance and prevent injuries, can provide that edge. By investing in custom orthotics, athletes can ensure they are doing everything they can to stand atop that podium. So, while the process of getting custom orthotics may be involved and the cost may be higher than generic insoles, the potential benefits they offer make them well worth it.

Custom Orthotics: A Deeper Insight into the Manufacturing Process

Understanding custom orthotics requires a deeper dive into how they are made. The production process of these customized shoe inserts is both meticulous and detailed, ensuring a perfect fit for maximum comfort and performance.

The first step in creating custom orthotics involves a thorough examination of the foot and ankle by a trained medical professional. The examination includes an in-depth assessment of the individual’s gait, foot structure, and biomechanics. High-tech tools such as 3D foot scanners, video gait analysis systems, and treadmills are often employed to gather comprehensive data.

Next, a detailed mold of the individual’s foot is taken. This is usually done using a foam box or plaster, capturing the exact contours of the foot. The mold serves as a blueprint for the orthotic, ensuring that it perfectly fits the individual’s foot.

Once the mold is ready, it’s sent to an orthotic laboratory where the actual insert is manufactured. The materials chosen for construction, such as plastic, carbon fiber, or EVA, are selected for their durability, flexibility, and shock absorption properties. The orthotic is then crafted, paying close attention to the mold and the information gathered during the initial assessment.

After construction, the orthotic is fitted into the individual’s shoes, and necessary adjustments are made. Regular follow-ups in the subsequent months, typically between September and August, are crucial to assess the effectiveness of the orthotics, and to make any necessary modifications.

Why Should Athletes Invest in Custom Orthotics?

Despite the somewhat involved process and potentially higher cost, the investment in custom orthotics can significantly pay off for track and field athletes. By offering a precise fit tailored to the individual’s foot, custom orthotics help improve foot function, reduce risk of injury, and enhance performance.

Orthotics offer shock absorption, crucial in high-impact sports like track and field. They help distribute the force exerted on the foot evenly, reducing the risk of stress fractures, a common injury in the sport. By realigning the foot, orthotics reduce the risk of overpronation and underpronation, improving efficiency and reducing fatigue.

Orthotics also play a critical role in the management and prevention of foot conditions like plantar fasciitis, a common issue among athletes. By providing the right arch support and cushioning, orthotics help alleviate the pain and inflammation associated with this condition, allowing athletes to perform at their best.

Finally, orthotics can assist in injury rehabilitation. By supporting the foot and promoting correct biomechanics, they aid in the recovery process, often helping athletes return to their sport faster.


In the competitive world of track and field, every little advantage can make a significant difference. Custom orthotics, with their potential to enhance performance, reduce injury risk, and aid in recovery, offer a considerable advantage. Given these benefits, it’s clear that investing in custom orthotics is a smart move for any track and field athlete looking to improve their performance and extend their career. So, whether you’re competing in July, June, or any month of the year, remember the crucial role that custom orthotics can play in your athletic success.